Association of recent definitional community components mapped to Hillery’s four themes

People
individual and group

Common ties
connections

Social interaction
interactions

Place
place and  time

  • group of individuals
  • grassroots initiative
  • identify themselves with something larger than the sum of their individual relationships
  • group entity
  • common identity
  • defined boundaries
  • limited membership
  • governance, rituals
  • social conventions,
  • social policies
  • valuing of member
    generated content
  • emergence of roles
  • relationships
  • sociability
  • shared goal, interest or need
  • shared set of values and culture
  • distinctive focus
  • share a concern
  • overlapping histories
  • shared knowledge
  • web of relationships
  • mutual interdependence
  • mutual obligation
  • common practices
  • advancing collective knowledge
  • deepen knowledge
  • affective ties
  • clear purpose
  • learning goals
  • shared history
  • multilateral communication
  • ongoing exchange
  • mechanisms for reproduction
  • make decisions
  • reciprocity
  • proactive partnerships
  • repeated, active participation
  • intense interactions
  • communicating knowledge
  • discussion
  • sharing
  • active collaboration
  • responsive resource
  • solidarity, support
  • criticism, conflict
  • conflict resolution
  • civic engagement
  • long term commitment
  • shared resources
  • collective goods
  • technology
  • participation structures
  • integration of content and communications
  • sense of belonging